Nutrition and Health

Broccoli

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italia) has a reputation as a superfood. It is low in calories and contains a wealth of nutrients and antioxidants that support many aspects of human health. Broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable, alongside vegetables such as cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, kale, cabbage and collard greens. Broccoli is a rich source […]

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Diabetes, November 14th is World Diabetes Day.

As defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease which consists of consistently elevated blood sugar levels. This often happens resulting from long-term unhealthy lifestyle choices. Overtime, this elevated blood sugar levels can cause insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes) or resulting from little or no production of insulin from the

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Nutrition and Healthy Ageing.

Neri Cristina and D’alba Lucia (2021) described ageing as a state of reduced regenerative and adaptive capacity resulting in an easier development of morbidity; they recognised that one’s prerequisite for wellbeing and having a good quality of life is to maintain an adequate nutritional status. It is important to watch the nutritional status of elderly

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Chocolate [Theobroma cacao tree (cocoa, cacao)]

Chocolate is best known as an indulgent confection, but historically it has also been consumed for its purported healing properties. Cocoa contains more phenolic antioxidants than most foods. The phenolic compounds in cocoa are mainly flavanols (catechins (37%), proanthocyanidins (58%), and anthocyanins (4%). Cocoa, or cacao, is the dried and fully fermented fatty seed of

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Polyphenols

Polyphenols are organic compounds found abundantly in plants; they have become an emerging field of interest in nutrition in recent years. Polyphenols comprise flavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins, lignans and coumarins; they are naturally occurring compounds found largely in fruits, vegetables, cereals and beverages. Fruits like grapes, apple, pear, cherries, nuts, olives and berries contains up

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GINGER and Its Nutritional Health Benefits

Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is a well-known herbaceous plant, that has been used widely as a flavouring agent and herbal medicine for centuries; the ginger rhizome has been consumed traditional as a typical remedy to relieve common cold and other minor health issues including nausea and vomiting. Ginger is a member of a plant family

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Garlic and its Nutritional Health Benefits.

Garlic (Allium Sativum) is a popular spice of the family of Alliums; it is considered a functional spice that acts as a remedy for a variety of ailments because of its diverse array of nutritional constituents, phytochemicals and fibre. It contains high levels of potassium, phosphorus zinc, and sulfur, moderate levels of selenium, calcium, magnesium,

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Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)

Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, antioxidant and essential co-factor for collagen biosynthesis, carnitine and catecholamine metabolism, and dietary iron absorption. Humans are unable to synthesize vitamin C, so it is strictly obtained through the dietary intake of fruits and vegetables. Citrus fruits, berries, tomatoes, potatoes, and green leafy vegetables are excellent sources of vitamin

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